India

Ghazal

The ghazal (Arabic/Pashto/Persian/Urdu: غزل; Hindi: ग़ज़ल, Punjabi: ਗ਼ਜ਼ਲ, Turkish: gazel, Gujarati: ગ઼ઝલ) is a poetic form consisting of rhyming couplets and a refrain, with each line sharing the same meter. A ghazal may be understood as a poetic expression of both the pain of loss or separation and the beauty of love in spite of that pain. The form is ancient, originating in 6th century Arabic verse.

In its style and content it is a genre which has proved capable of an extraordinary variety of expression around its central themes of love and separation. It is one of the principal poetic forms which the Indo-Perso-Arabic civilization offered to the eastern Islamic world.

The ghazal spread into South Asia in the 12th century under the influence of the new Islamic Sultanate courts and Sufi mystics. Although the ghazal is most prominently a form of Dari poetry and Urdu poetry, today it is found in the poetry of many languages of Indian sub-continent.

Through the influence of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832), the ghazal became very popular in Germany in the 19th century, and the form was used extensively by Friedrich Rückert (1788–1866) and August von Platen (1796–1835). The Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali was a proponent of the form, both in English and in other languages; he edited a volume of "real ghazals in English".

In some ghazals the poet's name is featured somewhere in the last verse (a convention known as takhallus).

Aminuddin Dagar

Music Genre: 
Hindustani music
Related Musicians: 

Lata Mangeshkar

Music Genre: 
Bollywood
Related Musicians: 

Bollywood

Bollywood music forms the soundtrack to Bollywood films. The term 'Bollywood' is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other production centers producing films in regional languages. Nevertheless, Bollywood, based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, is the largest film producer in India and one of the largest centers of film production in the world.

The language of Bollywood songs can be complex. Some are saturated with Urdu and Persian terms and it is not uncommon to hear use of English words in songs from modern Hindi movies. Several other Indian languages have also been used including Braj, Bhojpuri, Punjabi and Rajasthani. Occasionally a few lines in other Indian languages are used as well.

Alauddin Khan

Music Genre: 
Hindustani music
Instrument: 
Sarod

Fusion music

Fusion music that combines two or more styles. The main characteristics of fusion genres are variations in tempo, rhythm, dynamics, style and tempo. 'Fusion' used alone often refers to jazz fusion, especially with world music.

Fusion music as a genre has broadened the definitions of jazz, rock, and pop music.

Amir Khan

 

Ustad Amir Khan (15th Aug 1912 - 13th Feb 1974) was a legend in Indian Classical vocal music. He is reknowned for his unique and inimitable style of singing, characterised by a slow and meditative unfolding of the Raga and highly imaginative and unpredictable phrases. At the core of his style is a system of note permutations known as "Meerkhand", which after he practised to perfection, seeped into his renditions unconsciously. His style and overall approach were steeped in great depth and serenity.

 
Music Genre: 
Hindustani music
Related Musicians: 

Ayaan Ali Khan

Music Genre: 
Hindustani music
Instrument: 
Sarod
Related Musicians: 

Dilruba

Dilruba

The dilruba is a string instrument found in the north of India, where it is used in religious music and light classical songs in the urban areas. (The esraj or israj is found throughout the north, central and east regions of India.) It is a young instrument by Indian terms, being only about 200 years old.  

Instrument Type: 
Music Genre: 
Hindustani music
Instrument: 

Surmandal

Surmandal

The surmandal or swarmandal mainly serves to accompany female singers in India who stroke the open strings with their fingers, similar to harp playing, especially when they want to bridge short intervals. There is no such thing as a standard tuning, size or number of strings for a surmandal.

Instrument Type: 
Country: 
Syndicate content