String

Bhapang

The bhapang is a varible tension string instrument from Rajasthan, India.

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Rajasthani Folk music

Kamaicha

The kamaicha is a bowed musical instrument from Rajasthan. It is one of the oldest bowed instruments in the world and is a key presence in Rajasthani folk music. Made from a single piece of wood, the kamaicha consists of a spherical bowl extended into the neck, a fingerboard, and a resonator covered with leather. The upper portion is covered with wood. It usually has four main strings (plus a few subsidiary strings) passing over a thin bridge and is played with a bow, producing a haunting melody.

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Rajasthani Folk music

Esraj

The esraj or israj (Hindi: इसराज) is a string instrument similar to the dilruba. The latter is found in the north, where it is used in religious music and light classical songs in the urban areas; the esraj is found in the central, south, and western regions of India and is used in a somewhat wider variety of musical styles than the dilruba. The esraj is a young instrument by Indian terms, being only about 200 years old.

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Hindustani music

Indonesian rebab

Indonesian rebab

The Indonesian rebab is a bowed string instrument. As part of the gamelan ensemble, it is the essential elaborating instrument, ornamenting the basic melody. It does not have to conform exactly to the scale of the other gamelan instruments and can be played in relatively free time, finishing its phrases after the beat of the gong ageng (the big gong that "rules" the ensemble). The rebab also frequently plays the buka when it is part of the ensemble.

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Dutar

Dutar

The dutar, dotar or doutar (Persian: دو تار, Tajik: дутор, Uzbek: dutor) is a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute found in Iran and central and south Asia. Its name comes from the Persian word for 'two strings', دو تار dotār ( دو do 'two' and تار tār 'string'), although the Herati dutar of Afghanistan has fourteen strings. When played, the strings are usually plucked by the Uyghurs of Western China and strummed and plucked by the Tajiks, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Afghan people, and in Pakistan.

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Electric mandolin

Electric mandolin

The electric mandolin was first introduced into Indian classical music by U. Srinivas, who performed Carnatic music.

The style of playing is significantly different from its western counterpart. For one, it is played while sitting on the floor, just like all other Indian classical instruments. Secondly, wide bends are also played on the instruments by sliding the fingertip along the strings and over the frets: as this is a key feature in Carnatic music, it is a central playing technique on the electric mandolin.

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Carnatic music
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Setar

Setar

The setar (Persian: سه ‌تار, from 'seh', meaning 'three' and tār, meaning 'string') is a Persian musical instrument. It is a member of the lute family. 250 years ago, a fourth string was added to the setar, which has 25 - 27 moveable frets. It originated in Persia before the spread of Islam.

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Persian Classical Music

Saz

Saz

The saz (from the Persian ساز‎, meaning 'kit' or 'set') or bağlama (from the Turkish bağlamak, 'to tie') is a plucked stringed musical instrument shared by various cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean, Near East, and Central Asia.

 

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Afghan rubab

rubab

The Afghan rubab is a lute-like instrument originating in Afghanistan.

However, its name as well as its shape suggests that it may have evolved from the rebab, a bowed instrument. Typically, the Afghan rubab is carved out of a single piece of wood, with a membrane covering the hollow sound-chamber. The wood is taken from a Mulberry tree, the skin is usually goat skin and the strings are made from gut. The rubab can also be found in the mountainous regions of Pakistan and India. The tone of the Afghan rubab is extremely warm and beautiful.

 
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Saw U

Saw U

The Saw U is a bowed instrument used in Thai music.

The sound resonator is made of coconut shell, with one side sliced off. The open portion is covered with stretched goat or calf skin. The neck, made of solid hardwood or ivory, is fixed into the coconut resonator. The sinstrument has only two strings, made of gut. The bow, made of wood or ivory, is inseparable from the instrument, its hairs passing between the two strings. The Saw U has been used as part of Thai instrumental ensembles since at least the eighteenth century.

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