Percussion

Slenthem

Slenthem

The slenthem (also slentem or gender panembung) is a Javanese metallophone which makes up part of a gamelan orchestra.

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Persian Santur

The Persian santur (also santūr, santour, santoor; Persian: سنتور) is a Persian hammered dulcimer. It is a trapezoid-shaped box often made of walnut or different exotic woods.

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Qalun

The qalun is an Uyghur musical instrument with 18 pairs of strings.

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Darbouka

Darbouka

The darbouka or darbuka (also goblet drum, chalice drum, doumbek, dumbec, or tablah; Persian: دمبک; Arabic: دربوكة‎) is a hand drum with a goblet shape used mostly in the Middle East, North Africa, and Eastern Europe.

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Daf

Daf

The daf is a circular frame drum found in the Middle East, Pakistan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan and India. Covered with animal skin on one side (usually goat), and sometimes equipped with rings or small cymbals, the percussion instrument has characteristics similar to that of a tambourine. Striking the instrument in different spots with the fingers produces a variety of tones and colours.

Performance techniques vary from country to country, however its soft, deep sonorous tone makes the instrument ubiquitous with vocal accompaniment.

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Khim

Khim

The khim or kim is a Thai dulcimer, made of hardwood and played using two flexible bamboo sticks, one held in each hand. The stricks have a soft leather tip, giving the instrument its soft tone. The main body of the instrument is trapezoid in shape; fourteen groups of strings are stretched across the instrument with three strings in each group: a total of 42 strings. The instrument was introduced to Thailand from China, where a similar-looking instrument exists.

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Ching

Ching

The ching is a pair of small metal cymbals used as part of a Thai music ensemble. Its role within the ensemble is to keep the rhythm steady, much like the conductor does for a western orchestra.

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Gender

Gender

A gendér is a type of Metallophone used in Balinese and Javenese gamelan music. It consists of 10 to 14 tuned metal bars suspended over a tuned resonator of bamboo or metal, which are tapped with a mallet made of wooden disks (Bali) or a padded wooden disk (Java). Each key is a note of a different pitch, often extending a little more than two octaves. There are five notes per octave, so in the seven-note pelog scale, some pitches are left out according to the pathet.

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Angklung

Angklung

The angklung is a musical instrument made of bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. The tubes are carved so that they have a resonant pitch when struck. The two tubes are tuned to octaves. The base of the frame is held with one hand while the other hand shakes the instrument rapidly from side to side; this causes a rapidly repeating note to sound. Thus each of three or more angklung performers in an ensemble will play just one note and together complete melodies are produced.

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Gamelan ensemble

Gamelan ensemble

The gamelan is a musical ensemble played in Indonesia, especially in Bali and Java. It consists of numerous metallophones, xylophones, gongs, and (to a lesser extent) drums, bamboo flutes and bowed and plucked instruments. Sometimes, a vocalist will also perform along side a gamelan ensemble. The gamelan usually accompanies performances of Indonesian puppetry but can also be heard during rituals and ceremonies.

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