Turkmenistan

Surnay

Surnay

The surnay (also called zurna, birbynė, lettish horn, surla, sornai, dili tuiduk, zournas or zurma) is a multinational outdoor wind instrument, usually accompanied by a davul (bass drum) in Anatolian folk music. The name is from Turkish zurna, itself derived from Persian سرنای ('surnāy'), composed of سور ('sūr':  'banquet, feast') and نای ('nāy': 'reed, pipe').

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Dutar

Dutar

The dutar, dotar or doutar (Persian: دو تار, Tajik: дутор, Uzbek: dutor) is a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute found in Iran and central and south Asia. Its name comes from the Persian word for 'two strings', دو تار dotār ( دو do 'two' and تار tār 'string'), although the Herati dutar of Afghanistan has fourteen strings. When played, the strings are usually plucked by the Uyghurs of Western China and strummed and plucked by the Tajiks, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Afghan people, and in Pakistan.

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Fusion music

Fusion music that combines two or more styles. The main characteristics of fusion genres are variations in tempo, rhythm, dynamics, style and tempo. 'Fusion' used alone often refers to jazz fusion, especially with world music.

Fusion music as a genre has broadened the definitions of jazz, rock, and pop music.

Doira

Doira

The doira (also dayereh, doyra, dojra, dajre or dajreja) is a medium-sized frame drum with jingles, used to accompany both popular and classical music in Iran (Persia), the Balkans, and many Central Asian countries such as Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Afghanistan. Frame drums are also popular in many regions of Georgia, like Kartli, Kakheti, Tusheti, Samegrelo, Racha, and Imereti.

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Persian Classical Music
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Daf

Dotar

Dotar

The dutar, dotar or doutar (Persian: دو تار , Tajik: дутор, Uzbek: dutor) is a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute found in Iran, Central Asia and South Asia. Its name comes from the Persian word for 'two strings', although the Herati dutar of Afghanistan has fourteen. When played, the strings are usually plucked by the Uyghurs of Western China and strummed and plucked by the Tajiks, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Afghan people, and in Pakistan.

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Kemenche

Kemenche

The kemenche, kamānche or kamāncha (Persian: کمانچه) is a Persian bowed string instrument related to the bowed rubab. It is the historical ancestor of the kamancheh and also to the bowed lira of the Byzantine Empire, ancestor of the European violin family. The strings are played with a variable-tension bow: the word 'kamancheh' means 'little bow' in Persian. It is widely used in the classical music of Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, with slight variations in the structure of the instrument. In Kashmir, the kemanche is known as saaz-i-kashmir.

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Persian Classical Music
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