Azerbaijan

Surnay

Surnay

The surnay (also called zurna, birbynė, lettish horn, surla, sornai, dili tuiduk, zournas or zurma) is a multinational outdoor wind instrument, usually accompanied by a davul (bass drum) in Anatolian folk music. The name is from Turkish zurna, itself derived from Persian سرنای ('surnāy'), composed of سور ('sūr':  'banquet, feast') and نای ('nāy': 'reed, pipe').

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Ney

Ney

The ney (Persian: نی/نای; Arabic: ناي‎; Turkish: ney; also nai, nye, nay, gagri tuiduk, or karghy tuiduk) is an end-blown flute that figures prominently in Middle Eastern music. In some of these musical traditions, it is the only wind instrument used. It is a very ancient instrument, with depictions of ney players appearing in wall paintings in the Egyptian pyramids and actual neys being found in the excavations at Ur.

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Fusion music

Fusion music that combines two or more styles. The main characteristics of fusion genres are variations in tempo, rhythm, dynamics, style and tempo. 'Fusion' used alone often refers to jazz fusion, especially with world music.

Fusion music as a genre has broadened the definitions of jazz, rock, and pop music.

Kemenche

Kemenche

The kemenche, kamānche or kamāncha (Persian: کمانچه) is a Persian bowed string instrument related to the bowed rubab. It is the historical ancestor of the kamancheh and also to the bowed lira of the Byzantine Empire, ancestor of the European violin family. The strings are played with a variable-tension bow: the word 'kamancheh' means 'little bow' in Persian. It is widely used in the classical music of Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, with slight variations in the structure of the instrument. In Kashmir, the kemanche is known as saaz-i-kashmir.

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Persian Classical Music
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