Iran

Persian Classical Music

Reza Shafian

Instrument: 
Persian Santur

Surnay

Surnay

The surnay (also called zurna, birbynė, lettish horn, surla, sornai, dili tuiduk, zournas or zurma) is a multinational outdoor wind instrument, usually accompanied by a davul (bass drum) in Anatolian folk music. The name is from Turkish zurna, itself derived from Persian سرنای ('surnāy'), composed of سور ('sūr':  'banquet, feast') and نای ('nāy': 'reed, pipe').

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Dutar

Dutar

The dutar, dotar or doutar (Persian: دو تار, Tajik: дутор, Uzbek: dutor) is a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute found in Iran and central and south Asia. Its name comes from the Persian word for 'two strings', دو تار dotār ( دو do 'two' and تار tār 'string'), although the Herati dutar of Afghanistan has fourteen strings. When played, the strings are usually plucked by the Uyghurs of Western China and strummed and plucked by the Tajiks, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Afghan people, and in Pakistan.

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Persian Santur

The Persian santur (also santūr, santour, santoor; Persian: سنتور) is a Persian hammered dulcimer. It is a trapezoid-shaped box often made of walnut or different exotic woods.

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Setar

Setar

The setar (Persian: سه ‌تار, from 'seh', meaning 'three' and tār, meaning 'string') is a Persian musical instrument. It is a member of the lute family. 250 years ago, a fourth string was added to the setar, which has 25 - 27 moveable frets. It originated in Persia before the spread of Islam.

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Persian Classical Music

Saz

Saz

The saz (from the Persian ساز‎, meaning 'kit' or 'set') or bağlama (from the Turkish bağlamak, 'to tie') is a plucked stringed musical instrument shared by various cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean, Near East, and Central Asia.

 

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Qalun

The qalun is an Uyghur musical instrument with 18 pairs of strings.

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Ney

Ney

The ney (Persian: نی/نای; Arabic: ناي‎; Turkish: ney; also nai, nye, nay, gagri tuiduk, or karghy tuiduk) is an end-blown flute that figures prominently in Middle Eastern music. In some of these musical traditions, it is the only wind instrument used. It is a very ancient instrument, with depictions of ney players appearing in wall paintings in the Egyptian pyramids and actual neys being found in the excavations at Ur.

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Darbouka

Darbouka

The darbouka or darbuka (also goblet drum, chalice drum, doumbek, dumbec, or tablah; Persian: دمبک; Arabic: دربوكة‎) is a hand drum with a goblet shape used mostly in the Middle East, North Africa, and Eastern Europe.

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